Favourably situated on the Mediterranean Sea, the tiny, picturesque principality of Monaco is the world’s second smallest independent state. Known for its excessive opulence, glamour and hedonism, Monaco is a luxurious playground for the rich and famous. This prestigious city-state offers a wide range of both historical and modern attractions. Dubbed 'the rock' due to its remarkable medieval stone architecture, the oldest area of the city is Monaco-Ville where the pedestrian streets are strewn with numerous lavish palaces, immaculate gardens and of course the glorious Romanesque-Byzantine Monaco Cathedral. The second oldest area is the magnificent marina, La Condamine, which is typically adorned with extravagant super-yachts and cruise ships and is home to the lovely Condamine Market and the exceedingly upmarket rue Princesse-Caroline mall. Must see attractions include: the world-renowned Oceanographic Museum and Aquarium; the Monaco Opera House; and the Marlborough Fine Arts Gallery which houses an impressive collection of paintings by, among others, Picasso, Miró, and Matisse.